Immanuel kant (1724–1804) is the central figure in modern philosophy he synthesized early modern rationalism and empiricism, set the terms for much of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy, and continues to exercise a significant influence today in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, and other fields. According to immanuel kant, enlightenment was man’s release from “self-incurred tutelage” enlightenment was the process by which the public could rid themselves of intellectual bondage after centuries of slumbering after providing a careful analysis of the causes why tutelage occurred, he proposes the requirements for enlightenment.
Key-words kant, enlightenment, sapere aude, reason, philosophy 1 introduction kant’s ideas on the enlightenment are especially prevalent in his well-known article “an answer to the question: what is enlightenment” published in the berlinishe monatsschrift (a monthly journal published in berlin) in december of 1784.
Kant's place in the history of western philosophy the immensely influential german philosopher immanuel kant (1724-1804) spent his entire life in koenigsberg, in the northern part of east prussia, and is now known as kaliningrad, in russia. According to kant, dogmas and formulas are the fetters of an everlasting nonage that keep him from true freedom, and true enlightenment (par 3) the guardians have a stake in keeping the individual from thinking for herself.
According to immanuel kant, enlightenment is a person’s ability to analyze and understand events without making use of another person’s guidance it is a person’s ability to reason he explains that most people fail to achieve enlightenment because of laziness or/and fear of the unknown, or rather fear of failure. Immanuel kant states a good argument in his essay, “what is enlightenment” he believes that people are enslaved by the “guardians” who bestow “shackles of a permanent immaturity” inhibiting us from enlightenment (“man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity”.
The enlightenment thinkers were committed to reason, and freedom of ideas but there were still limitations in terms of acceptable codes of behavior kant believed that a good part of the population during the enlightenment period were childish, lazy cowards who relied on guardians to tell them. In his essay kant discusses the reasons for the absence of enlightenment and what is required from people for enlightenment to flourish kant defines enlightenment that a person achieves when he frees himself from immaturity that he caused himself.
5 mendelssohn, reinhold, and the limits of enlightenment 41 chapter 2 the idea of a culture of enlightenment 55 1 kant’s answer to the question, what is enlightenment 55 2 a new approach to independent thinking 59 3 the culture of enlightenment: public argument as social practice 69 4 communication, autonomy, and the maxims of common understanding 77 5.